Thursday, February 26, 2009

Economy

The Listonian Free State enjoys a free-market economy with little intervention from the government, resulting in a superb standard of living for citizens of all races, creeds, genders, and classes.

After the breakup of the former Federal Republic of Brolecia, the founders of the LFS undertook dramatic and progressive reforms to liberalize industry and banking, including the establishment of the Liston Stock Exchange (LSE) and the Liston Mercantile Exchange (LME).

The operations of government are funded through taxes levied on the unimproved value of land throughout the country as well as excise taxes (gambling, alcohol, tobacco and marijuana) and user fees; there are no income taxes (personal or corporate) or sales taxes.

As the constitution requires the government to issue a balanced budget unless there is a national emergency, revenues currently exceed expenditures and the government runs a surplus which is in turn held in the National Trust. This, combined with a national lottery, is the basis for education and public health funding as well as a social safety net for workers and retirees.

Military

The Free Listonian Defense Forces (FLDF) comprise the armed forces of the Listonian Free State. Always subordinate to civil authority, command is vested in the Minister of Defense except in a time of war or national emergency, when it vests in the State President. The Chief of the General Staff, who advises the Cabinet on military matters is the highest ranking commissioned officer of the FLDF.

The FLDF is an all volunteer, professional military (there is no draft or compulsory service in the LFS) composed of land (army), sea (naval) and air force staffs. Men and women between the ages of 18-40 are eligible for admission. As of 305, there are approximately 95,000 active-duty enlisted and commissioned individuals in the FLDF. Constitutional law prohibits the deployment of the FLDF within the territory of the State except for training exercises or to repel foreign invasion.

In addition to active-duty forces, the FLDF maintains a reserve complement of approximately 30,000 individuals who train regularly, but otherwise maintain their civilian lives.

Because of the relatively small size (in terms of manpower) of the FLDF, remote weapons systems and research and development account for a large portion of the annual defense budget. The FLDF has invested heavily in cruise missile systems, unmanned attack vehicles (UAVs) and airborne stealth technologies.

Wednesday, February 25, 2009

The National Flag of the Listonian Free State

National Flag of the LFS
 

Civil and Merchant Ensign
 

 
Military Ensign
 
 



Offices of the Government


The constitution of the Listonian Free State specifies that there are three equal, co-operative branches of government: the executive (consisting of the State President and Cabinet, collectively), the legislative (the National Assembly) and the judicial (the Constitutional Court).

Executive authority is vested in the State President, who is head of state and government. He/she is elected by a majority vote of the National Assembly from amongst its members. In practice, it is the person who is the leader of the largest party or coalition of parties. Upon taking oath, the State President resigns his/her seat and another candidate from that party's list is elevated to the National Assembly. The State President appoints the Deputy State President and Cabinet from among the members of the National Assembly, subject to approval by a majority vote. The President may be impeached and removed from office by a super-majority of the National Assembly for serious violation of the Constitution or the law, serious misconduct or inability to discharge the office.

The duties of the State President include:

  • assenting to and signing Bills;
  • referring a Bill back to the National Assembly for reconsideration of the Bill's constitutionality;
  • referring a Bill to the Constitutional Court for a decision on the Bill's constitutionality;
  • summoning the National Assembly to an extraordinary sitting to conduct special business;
  • making any appointments that the Constitution or legislation requires the President to make, other than as head of the national executive;
  • appointing commissions of inquiry;
  • calling a national referendum in terms of an Act of the National Assembly;
  • receiving and recognizing foreign diplomatic and consular representatives;
  • appointing ambassadors, plenipotentiaries, and diplomatic and consular representatives;
  • pardoning or reprieving offenders and remitting any fines, penalties or forfeitures; and
  • conferring honors.

The National Assembly has a fixed term of 5 years, but may be dissolved early if two conditions are met: (1) The State President must dissolve the National Assembly upon the adoption of of a resolution to dissolve by a majority of its members and (2) at least 6 months have passed since the National Assembly was constituted.

The Constitutional Court is composed of 11 justices (including a Chief Justice) who are appointed for terms of 15 years by the State President after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission and the leaders of the parties or factions in the National Assembly, subject to approval of a majority of the members of the National Assembly.

The Cabinet

State President - Peter Krembs
Deputy State President (portfolio for the Ministry of Energy) - Daniel Featherstonehaugh, MNA
Minister of Agriculture - William Pribble, MNA
Minister of Defense - Jonathan Rhys, MNA
Minister of Education - Gerald ap Kohler, MNA
Minister of the Environment - Sheldon Osterlitz, MNA
Minister of Finance - Lewis Tredegar, MNA
Minister of Foreign Relations - Jared Lee, MNA
Minister of Housing & Urban Development - Thomas Roth, MNA
Minister of Information - Mary von Rosenberg, MNA
Minister of Intelligence Services - Franklin Strober, MNA
Minister of Justice & Attorney General - Susan ap Howell, MNA
Minister of Labor - Jeffrey Fernwood, MNA
Minister of Public Health - Nick Jakel, MNA
Minister of Science & Technology - Eli ap Combwyd, MNA
Minister of Trade - Julian Edmonston, MNA
Minister of Transport - Diana ap Fife, MNA

World Factbook

Name (conventional long form): Listonian Free State
(conventional short form): Listonia

Capital and largest city: Liston (3.25 million est.)

Population (305 est.): 12.52 million

Major Religions: Cruistianity, Mounism, Atheism

Major Ethnic Groups (305 est.): Black 29%; White 31%; Mulatto 25%; other 15%

Government type: Federal unitary constitutional republic
Democratic system: Parliamentary
Legislative: National Assembly (547 members), elected to 5-year terms from a proportional party list method
election results: seats by party - Free Democratic Party (moderate libertarian & democratic capitalism) 276, Socialist Party (democratic socialist) 141, Radical Party (center-left) 59, Worker's Revolutionary Party (radical left) 32, Cruistian Democratic Party (center-right) 18, Conservative Nationalist Party (radical right) 6, Party of Moun (Mounist) 4, independent 11

Executive:
chief of state and government: State President Peter KREMBS (note: the State President is elected by the National Assembly for a 5 year term; he/she is usually the leader of the largest party or coalition in the National Assembly)
cabinet: appointed by the State President from the National Assembly

Judicial: Constitutional Court (11 judges appointed by the President with the consent of the National Assembly)

Suffrage: Universal (18 years of age)

National Holiday: 11 November (Independence Day)

Currency: Rand (1 Rand = 100 cents); notes and coins redeemable for gold and silver reserves

Armed Forces: Free Listonian Defense Force
manpower (305 est.): 95,000

International Organizations: United Nations of Vexillium; Melanian Sea Treaty Organization